As the name suggests, Automation testing is basically a technique where automation tools are used to test the software. In this method, the software tester writes the scripts on their own and uses the software to basically test the software.
In other word, automation testing simply utilizes automation tools to compose and execute test cases; and no manual interaction is required while executing a test suite that is automated. For the most part, testers write test scripts along with test cases utilizing test automation tools and after that gathering them into test suites.
The primary objective of automation testing is to enhance the test efficiency and make the software more valuable.
What is the Need for Automation Testing
When any software creates a new release and bug fixes, at that situation by what means will you ensure about that the new released software with bug fixes has not introduced any new bug in past working usability? So it’s quicker to test the software with old functionalities also. It is difficult to test physically all functionalities of the software each time with the extension of some bug fixes or possibly new functionalities. Along these lines, it is more intelligent to test software each time through Automation testing strategy using automation tools capably and effectively. It is fruitful in respect to the cost, resources, time and so on.
Automation Testing Objective
A better development process starts with a superior testing process. The testing capabilities of the enterprise should be advanced in order to improve the design and software development process. Depending entirely on manual testing to execute recurring testing steps proves costly and time-consuming as well as ineffective at the same time.
However, testing with the use of software or automation testing is the tailor-made solution when the number of regression cases is significant. For achieving better speed and accuracy, automation testing is vital to achieving speed and test coverage required for seemingly large projects.
Thus, a mix of manual testing and test automation can result in achieving maximum test coverage for your software product. in the absence of adequate coverage, the possibility of incorrect feedback is more which in turn enhances the risk of software errors that prove costly. Therefore, test automation software testing is the best possible way to maximize the functionality, coverage and effectiveness of the software testing.
Advantages of Automation Testing
Automated Software Testing Saves Time and Money – Software tests are required to be updated repeated regularly during development cycles to guarantee quality. Each time source code is altered software tests ought to be repeated. For each release of the software it must be tested on all operating systems and frameworks and equipment setups. Repeating the tests manually can prove expensive and tedious.
Therefore, once created, automated tests can be kept running again and again at no extra cost and they are significantly quicker than manual tests. Automated software testing can lessen an opportunity to run ineffective tests from days to hours. Thus, investing in automation testing translates directly into cost savings.
Vastly Increases Test Coverage – Automated software testing can expand the profundity and extent of tests to help enhance software quality. Lengthy tests that are frequently abstained from during manual testing can be run unattended. They can even be kept running on various PCs with various setups.
Automated software testing can take a look inside an application and see contents of memory, data tables, document contents, and inward program states to decide whether the software is carrying and behaving on course. Test automation can without much of a stretch execute many diverse complex test cases during each trial testing and provides coverage and results that is inconceivable with manual tests.
Automation Testing Improves Accuracy – Indeed, even the most reliable tester will commit errors during tedious manual testing. However, automation testing test similar steps absolutely every time they are executed and always remember to record nitty gritty outcomes.
During this process, testers are liberated from monotonous manual tests and have more opportunity to develop new software tests and tackle complex features.
Continuity – Automated testing assists testers, for example, automation engineers. They can see precisely what different engineers and developers have done, what scripts they have effectively written and what tests have just been performed and what bugs were at that point found and settled, through clear reports.
Running Tests 24/7 – Regardless of where you are, you can begin the tests when you leave the workplace and when you get back early in the day you can see the outcomes and continue working. You can even do that remotely on the off chance that you don’t have a great deal of devices or you don’t have the likelihood to get or buy them.
Reusability and Reliability – With automation testing of software, the scripts are reusable. You don’t require new scripts constantly, regardless of whether the variant of the OS on the device transforms. It enables you to re-do the test, without overlooking any steps.
Thus, automated testing is more dependable and way quicker when running exhausting redundant state tests which cannot be skipped ever, but rather may cause errors when tested manually.
Drawbacks of Automation Testing
Lacks the human component – Contrary to automated testing, manual testing gives the additional human segment of a genuine user/customer cooperating with an application, and every one of the inclinations and visual signs that join it.
Less UI feedback – Without that human component, definitely there is not going to be much understanding into visual components of your UI, similar to shading choices, content dimension, differentiation, or catch sizes.
Can get costly – The devices (and even the ahead of time devices) to run automation testing can be costly, however factors such as reusability and time saved makeup for the drawback.
Why is human interaction necessary for automated software testing?
Irrespective of all the possibilities and benefits that automation testing provides, the fact of the matter is there are a few things that automation can’t do. The most critical of which is making valuable judgments concerning an application. The purpose behind this is the amount of data important to empower a machine to make such judgements is restrictively huge. Computers need and execute important instructions and will keep on doing as such in future as well. However, computers don’t have that one of a kind blend of logic as well as instinct that forms the fundamental of human reasoning.
There are technicalities involved in software testing, similarly as there are with coding. Both coding as well as testing is an innovation of human creativity. While growth and development in AI are drawing machines nearer to human abilities, there is still a long way to go. Actually by the time when a machine will be supplanting the tester under all conditions, it could likely be able to do the coding also. And certainly, this is not going to be any point in the near future. Therefore, human interaction will still be an important aspect of the software development process for quite a while to come.
A typical misinterpretation of automation is that it minimizes the human component totally. Be that as it may, who composes scripts or test cases? Automated testing needs human contribution to work appropriately until the point when the machines assume control forever.
The equivalent goes for test cases that are run on different occasions. New bugs can be brought into your application after every software upgrade or fix. However, test cases in automation end up incapable without continuous input from humans.
The role and significance of Manual Testers
Manual testers motivate innovativeness and supplement the testing stage by giving the developers new thoughts and insights. They basically serve as fresh pair of eyes when engineers require speedy, basic information and input. Manual testing gives a truly necessary proper check to make sure everything seems genuine on mobile devices that differ so broadly.
Exploratory testing adds an alternate point of view to the testing procedure. This is the place testers investigate an application to ensure it is performing in as it should. They utilize their own involvement and experience to discover real-world bugs from the end-client point of view. By testing the application like this, testers will probably discover bugs that clients may experience.
How Manual Testers Discover and Removes Bugs to enhance the quality of Automation Testing?
Discovering special bugs is an aptitude that requires a specific outlook and inspiration. Proficient testers need to discover bugs; it’s what they’re great at. Crowd sourced testers have two key concentrations with each test cycle, i.e. quality and time. They have the additional inspiration of being paid per bug they find yet they are likewise considered responsible for the nature of the bug reports they convey.
What you lose in the effectiveness of automation testing you’ll get back with all the more true manual QA feedback like you’d get from a general average client. As such, you’re getting the human component to your testing. That is on the grounds that manual testing is only that—a tester experiencing your software and utilizing it simply like some other client would. By basically interacting with your application, a manual tester can look at expectations for how the application should keep running with results, at that point will give feedback on what didn’t work. They’ll likewise have the capacity to say something regarding the visuals—which is something that automated testing can’t do.
Automation testing can’t be 100% and don’t think about it the same. Doubtlessly you can have areas like performance testing, load/stress testing and regression testing where you can have extent of coming to close to 100% automation. However, territories like user interface, documentation, compatibility and installation as well as recovery can only be performed manually with the help of human touch.
Why Manual Quality Assurance is required for Automation Testing?
The following layer of testing is one that involves your internal QA team. A few teams have committed QA faculty, some ask their designers to QA their very own application. The procedure is very basic, you put the code some place where it’s accessible to a human; generally a test server or staging. You at that point ask the QA experts to either pursue with a set up test plan or to do exploratory testing of the specific software or application.
This is generally a decent procedure to get hold of blunders in the design, visual imperfections or even useful issues with your application. Humans are better at getting visual issues in your application. They are stronger to little changes in the design of your page. They can do exploratory (testing without an all around characterized content) of your application.
It’s additionally significantly less demanding to clarify what you want to be tested from the QA experts as you can do it utilizing plain English. It’s likewise significantly quicker to write tests in English than in any product dialect.
Manual Testing Benefits that assist Automation Testing
- Get visual Feedback- Scripts can’t give suppositions and contribution about how a UI closely resembles, however a human can.
- The human component – You’re getting the correct sort of input a person would give you, and that can be priceless. Having the capacity to anticipate what your clients will or won’t care for—things a computer can’t give feedback about which can impact your plan and improve it from the base up.
- Less costly for the time being – In case you’re just trying a straightforward application once, and don’t expect loads of updates, manual testing doesn’t expect you to put resources into costly tools or software.
- Flexible, on-the-fly testing – Testing expects you to write, program, and audit test cases for your software. In any case, on the off chance that you extremely just need to test one little change, you can physically test it at that moment.
In a Nutshell
Automated software testing has for quite some time been viewed as extremely important for huge software development firms. However, it is frequently thought to be excessively costly or troublesome for small organizations to actualize and implement it.
Automated testing is a marvellous development that keeps on enhancing QA testing. It is surely a help versus manual testing when utilized in the correct circumstances. But the way things are the present time, it needs continuous human interference to compose test cases. To yield the best outcomes, test cases should be a continuous coordinated effort among designers and testers (in-house and outsourced).
In the more extensive setting of QA testing, it’s extremely hard to depend on 100% automated testing. Manual testing is better at discovering end-user bugs that automation, by means of predefined test cases, frequently misses. An expanding intricacy of bugs is making the process of testing more troublesome. Regardless of whether testing and release operation depends on speed or quality, a blend of automation testing and manual testing will, for the present, yield the result you need